Cancer burden is growing by leaps and bounds across the globe. According to the recent estimation of the World Health Organization (WHO), almost one in six deaths globally is caused by the disease, leading to around 8.8 million deaths from cancer every year. India diagnoses more than 10 lakh new cases every year, amongst which 7 lakh people die due to late diagnosis. According to Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) projection, India is likely to have over 17.3 lakh new cases of cancer and over 8.8 lakh deaths due to the disease by 2020.
With this deadly disease striking deep roots in India, it is the need of the hour to this disease in deep and spread awareness about it on this Cancer awareness day.
What is Cancer?
Cancer is a malignant growth or tumor resulting from an uncontrolled division of cells. Tumor can be classified into two, which are
- Benign tumors: It does not invade nearby tissue or spread to other parts of the body. When removed, they usually do not grow back
- Malignant tumors:These are Cancer causing tumors, which can invade surrounding tissues, and is usually capable of producing metastases, may recur after attempted removal, and is likely to cause death unless adequately treated.
Cancer, if detected in the early stages may be curable and the individual may be able to live a healthy life. Also advance in treatment can help 85% of those diagnosed to live beyond five years.
Who is at risk?
The exact reason of a person developing cancer is unknown. However, there are certain factors which increase the risk of Cancer in an individual which include factors like age, family history along with few lifestyle choices such as smoking, obesity, lack of exercise and poor diet.
Ways to fight cancer:
1. When it is cancer, early detection is the best way to cure. Hence, pay close attention to the symptoms and get check-ups regularly
2. Women, especially those over 40 years old, should go for regular screening for early detection of breast cancer
3. Avoid use of tobacco can be an important part of cancer prevention
4. Proper filtration of tap water can reduce your exposure to known or suspected carcinogens and hormone-disrupting chemicals
5. Vaccines also help lower cancer risk. The Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine helps prevent most cervical cancers and several other kinds of cancer, and the Hepatitis B vaccine can help lower liver cancer risk
6. Drinking plenty of water and other liquids may reduce the risk of bladder cancer by diluting the concentration of cancer-causing agents in the urine
7. Making changes such as eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise is an important step towards cancer prevention. Eat organic and load up on antioxidants
The Cancer is difficult to beat, but not impossible. This World Cancer Day lets join our hands together and raise awareness of cancer and to encourage its prevention, detection, and treatment.